The Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation, Inc.

The Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation, Inc.

P. O. Box 9268, New Haven, CT 06533

203-785-6121 

     The Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation is dedicated to provide funding to Eye Research projects that are performed at the Universities in Connecticut. A part of these funds assist clinical work throughout the state. These Eye Research projects benefit both Connecticut and the entire human population of our small planet.


  The next meeting will be held at 7:30 PM, Monday, February 10th at Yale, New Haven, CT

A Brief History

     In November of 1953 the State Council of Governors appointed a committee to look into the possibility of having an ongoing project in which all the clubs in the multiple district could participate.

     PDG Harold Ashley of the Waterbury Lions Club was named chairman. The committee gathered information on many projects but found that millions of dollars was being spent on medical care but less than 1% of that amount was being spent on research. After several meetings with the Yale Medical group, Yale agreed to start an eye research program if the Lions would fund it. At the 1954 State Convention the idea of a state wide eye research project was adopted. It took until July of 1956 to get everything in place and on the 20th of July a charter was issued by the State of Connecticut establishing the Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation as a nonproft Corporation. Hence, the Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation (CLERF) was born.

     By the Foundations Constitution every member in good standing of every Lions Club in the State of Connecticut became a member of CLERF.  The Board of Directors is made up of a combination of appointments and elected positions as outlined in that same Constitution. The first year's goal was to raise $15,000.  The Lions actually raised $22,157, giving $19,000 of that to Yale.  On July 1st 1961, Dr. Marvin Sears was hired as the full time Director of Research, and served in that position until July 1,1993. Today the research department is headed by Dr. M. Bruce Shields, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Opthalmology and Visual Science.

     It is interesting to note that Yale set aside a 100 square foot "lab" and provided Dr. Sears with one assistant - now 38 years later the research facilities at Yale has a staff of over 25 and are housed in their own multimillion dollar facility, the Boardman Building, which we the Connecticut Lions helped to renovate with a $500,000 donation and where we also maintain our office.

     Up until 1991, CLERF had been relying on the annual club donations and Sight Saver Day (formally called Lions Day or Candy Day) to bring in all of our money.  When we needed that extra kick to push the Boardman Building project over the top we introduced the car raffle. More recently we introduced the Memorial Card Program, the Recognition Card Program and the CT Lions Open Golf Tournament.

     As we looked forward on into the 21st century, we realized that we can only go to the well so many times--in other words, the clubs can only give so much to CLERF and still be able to do all the things they do in their own communities. So, with that in mind, we borrowed a basic idea from LCIF and established the 21st Century Fund and the Knight of the Blind Award. Started in 1991, we hoped the fund would raise $2,100,000 by the year 2000.  This money would be the base endowment for a fund that would insure that we will be able to meet the future needs of the blind and visually impaired.

     With the 21st century appoaching we begin our 45th year of service and have undertaken a new challenge, Macular Degeneration. For more on this serious subject, please go to our "Current Projects" page.


How do I Donate?

     Up until 1991, the foundation had been relying on the annual club donations and SightSaver Day(formerly called Lions Day or Candy Day) to bring in all of our money.

     As stated earlier we borrowed the concept from LCIF when we formed the Knights of the Blind program.  If you or your club donates $1,000 to the Knights of the Blind Program, the person in whose name the bequest is made will receive a Knight of the Blind Pin and Plaque.  In addition if the donation was $2,500 the honoree would be made a Ruby Knight and receive a ruby jewel in their pin.  For $5,000 they would be an Emerald Knight with an emerald jewel.  For $7,500 they would be a Sapphire Knight and for $10,000 they would be a Diamond Knight.

     Now you ask "Where do I fit in?"  If we all get behind the 21st Century Program and make it a reality, we can have our cake and eat it too.  That is, have the peace of mind that CLERF can continue to do its good work in your(The Connecticut Lions) name while you support your local sight and blind projects.


Eye Registry

     Eye registration is an ongoing task performed by a committee to encourage registration of eyes for the Connecticut Eye Bank & Visual Research Foundation, INC.

     Every year hundreds of corneal transplants are performed across Connecticut, restoring precious sight to young and old.

    Anyone can be a donor regardless of age, and you do not need perfect vision to donate! But it is important to let your family know of your desire to be a donor.

Who can be an eye donor?
   Anyone can. Cataracts, poor eyesight or age do not prohibit you from being a donor.

Why should eyes be donated?
     There is no substitute for the human eye tissue. The transplantation process depends upon the priceless gift of corneal donation from one human being to the next. Donated human eyes, retinas and corneal tissue are used for transplantation, research and education.

Is there any delay in funeral arrangements?
      No.
Eye tissue procurement is required to be performed within hours of death. Families may proceed with funeral arrangements without delay or interruption.

Is there a fee charged for this donation?
    No.
It is illegal to buy or sell human eyes, organs and tissues. Any costs associated with eye procurement are absorbed by the Eye Bank placing the donated tissue.

How prevalent is corneal transplant?
     Corneal transplant is one of the most freqently performed human transplant procedures. Since 1960, more than 500,000 corneal transplants have been performed, restoring sight to men, women and children ranging in age from nine days to 103 years.

How great is the need for corneas?
     Although more than 45,000 corneal transplants were performed in North America last year, the need for corneal tissue is never satisfied. To date, the use of artificial tissue for transplantation has been unsuccessful.

How successful is corneal transplantation?
     Over 90% of all corneal transplant operations successfully restore the corneal recipient's vision.

How do research and education benefit from eye donations?
     Research on glaucoma, retinal desease, eye complications of diabetes and other sight disorders benefits from donations because many eye problems cannot be simulated. These studies advance the discovery of the causes and effects of spacific eye conditions which lead to new treatments and cures.

What is an eye bank?
    An eye bank obtains, medically evaluates and distributes eyes donated by caring individuals for use in corneal transplantation, research and education. Eye banks are non-profit organizations.
     The Eye Bank Association of America is dedicated to the restoration of sight through the promotion and advancement of eye banking. Member eye banks across the country make possible thousands of corneal transplants annually. The questions presented here are some of the most frequently asked about donation and transplantation. We hope the answers will help you decide to donate and will encourage you to take the necessary steps to ensure that your wishes are respected.

For More Information Contact:
Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation, Inc.
P.O. Box 9268
New Haven, CT 06533
(203) 785-6121

Memorial Program      How does this program work?

     A donation is sent to CLERF in memory of the departed person (does not have to be a Lion). When the donation is received by CLERF a letter is sent to the bereaved family expressing condolences and recognizing the benefactor.

     Memorial Donation Envelopes have been distributed to each Lions Club with a sample package showing how this program works.

     Memorial Donation Envelopes have been distributed to Funeral homes throughout the Multiple District.


Recognition Program

     The Recognition Program is a service to you, your family, club, business or organization, you or other donors may make a gift donation to the Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation, Inc. which recognizes a birthday, anniversary, special event or extends get well wishes to a friend, relative or associate. Your gift provides a service through Eye Research when you use this Foundation Recognition Program.

     A beautiful card, acknowledging your thoughtful gift, with an appropriate inscription will be sent to the recipient being recognized conveying your kind sentiments. If you would like, enclose a picture to be used on the card.

     A response notice is always sent to the donor acknowledging the gift amount for tax purposes


Current Projects

Macular Degeneration

     Macular degeneration (MD) and its multiple forms are the major clause of legal blindness in the over 65 population in this country. There are no adequate treatments to slow this progressive disease. Thought to be a natural part of aging, recent studies have clearly shown that MD is a disease with multiple related causes. One theory is that it is a local form of hardening of the arteries, arteriosclerosis. It is also becoming clear that mutations in specific genes can cause or greatly increase the chances of developing macular generation.  There are basically two clinical forms of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the more common "dry" type and the less common but more visually debilitating "wet" type.  Currently, only 10-15% all of the estimated 500,000 patients who develop wet AMD worldwide every year are eligible for existing treatments.

    Think of this fact, MD is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in America each year, more then glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy combined. Currently, more than 13 million Americans suffer from the disease, as the U.S. population ages, the number of MD patients will soon reach epidemic proportions. More than 30% of the population who are age 65 and over suffer from some form of MD.

    At Yale Eye Center, they are searching for answers to prevent blindness from MD.  The ultimate goal is to find the underlying genetic causes and contributing factors to prevent the development of MD.  To that end, scientist work in their laboratories in the molecular biology (i.e., the study of genetic defects and how they can be corrected) and related areas.

    Primary funding is required to support research into macular degeneration.

 

The Millenium Project

     For 80 years, Lions have made a personal commitment to assisting those in need through Lions Club activities. In 1925, Helen Keller challenged Lions to become "Knights of the blind." Since that time Lions have placed special emphasis on site conservation and blindness. In 1956, the Connecticut Lions accepted the challenge of preventing blindness through eye research by forming the Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation (CLERF)and have provided over $4.3 million in grant funding for basic research and sight activities within the State of Connecticut.  We have made a difference in the lives of thousands of blind and visually impaired persons within our state.

     Today, the needs of those blind and near blind are ever increasing. CLERF is ready to accept the challenge of a new millennium by expanding its research programs and service components into new areas.  However, it is apparent that relying on our Lions Clubs as our sole means of support, cannot get the job done.  CLERF is therefore seeking the financial support of individuals committed to sight preservation as a means of supplementing our traditional fund-raising efforts.  Please join us in our "crusade against darkness" through your own personal tax deductible contribution to your Foundation so that we may continue our work as we move into the next millennium. Become a contributing member of your Foundation today.


CLERF Officers 2001 - 2002

    President: Raymond Shea, PDG
        E-mail: SheaR3@nationwide.com

    First Vice President:  Arthur J. Davies, PDG
        E-mail: Gov91@worldnet.att.net

    Second Vice President: Sydney T. Shulman, PDG
        E-mail: Syd@schulmanlaw.net

    Immediate Past President: Scott A. Storms, ID
        E-mail: SStorms444@aol.com

    Secretary:  Joseph Poirier
        E-mail: J.Poirier@worldnet.att.net

    Treasurer:  Greg DeStefano
        E-mail: Greg@konowitzkahn.com

    District Governor 23-A: Marinus DeJongh, DG
       E-mail:mjdejongh@snet.net

    District Governor 23-B: Marilyn Minacci, DG
        E-mail: mlminacci@snet.net

    District Governor 23-C: Diane Pettit, DG
        E-mail: DDVP40@aol.com

    Vice District Governor 23-A: Robert M. Redenz, VDG

    Vice District Governor 23-B: Ronald H. Wolpoe, VDG

    Vice District Governor 23-C: Mary Krogh, VDG

    Immediate Past District Governor 23-A: Donald Miloscia, DG
        E-mail: DMiloscia@uniscribe.com

    Immediate Past District Governor 23-B: Alan Daninhirsch, DG
        E-mail: leyenn@snet.net

    Immediate Past District Governor 23-C: Edwin Fisher, DG
        E-mail: EFisher0@snet.net

    Past District Governor 23-A: Michael Granatuk, PDG
         E-mail:

    Past District Governor 23-B: Ronald F. Storms, PDG, Chairman
        E-mail: flylRon@aol.com

    Past District Governor 23-C: Eric C. Jacobson, PDG
        E-mail: GovEric@mail1.nai.net

    Lion Member 23-A: Robert Musitano
        E-mail:

    Lion Member 23-B: Marianne D. Bannan, PDG
        E-mail: LionMari@aol.com

    Lion Member 23-C: Fred D. Curtin, PDG
         E-mail:

    Past Club President 23-A: Eric Erdtmann
        E-mail: EErdtmann@snet.net

    Past Club President 23-B: Judy Daninhirsch
        E-mail: leyenn@snet.net

    Past Club President 23-C: James S. Haris
        E-mail: JSHarris@snet.net

    Eye Research Chairman 23-A: Joseph A. Poirier
        E-mail: J.Poirier@worldnet.att.net

    Eye Research Chairman 23-B: David J. Barbeiri
        E-mail: DavidJBarb@aol.com

    Eye Research Chairman 23-C: Edgar J. Tanguay
        E-mail: Nanu102@home.com

    Past Foundation Presidents

      William F. O'Neil, Jr., PDG
           E-mail:
      Rocco Cingari, PDG
           E-mail:
      Fred Curtin, PDG
           E-mail:
      Angelo J. Salvatore, PDG
           E-mail:
      William L. Roberts, PDG
           E-mail:
      Mario P. Gualtieri, PDG
           E-mail:
      Otto P. Strobino, PID
          E-mail: OPStrobino@aol.com
      Jerry J. Osochowsky, PDG
           E-mail:
      William K. Allen, II, PDG
          E-mail: William.K.Allen.II@snet.net
      Scott A. Storms, ID
          E-mail: SStorms444@aol.com

CLERF Standing Committees

Public Relations:
General Chairman

Daniel Uitti, PDG
    E-mail: Dan@uitti.net
Gayle Fredericks
    Email: emrysbryn@aol.com


CLERF Special Committees


    By-Laws


    Article I
    Delegate Notification

           No later than 30 days prior to the annual meeting, the Foundation Secretary/Treasurer shall mail to the president of each club in the Multiple District 23 a Certification of Deligates Form to indicate the names of the delegates representing those clubs in good standing on the basis of one (1) delegate for each ten (10) (or major fraction thereof) members of this corporation within each club.

    Article II
    Treasurers Duties

    Section 1. At the beginning of the Treasurer's term of office, or as may be otherwise required, signature cards and other documentation as required by banks, approved by the Board of Directors, shall be executed and filed with bank(s). The President, First Vice President, Second Vice President and Treasurer shall be authorized to sign on behalf of the corporation. The signatures of any two (2) such authorized officers shallbe required on all checks and other banking and investment documents or instruments.

    Article III
    Grants


    Section 1. Grants as recommended by the Grants Committee and approved by the Board of Directors working within the framework of the approved budget shall be paid in quarterly installments except for grants of $3,000 or less which will be paid in one installment by September 1st. All other payments shall be disbursed on September 1st, December 1st, March 1st and June 1st of each fiscal year. There shall be two (2) funds designated to receive monies contributed to the corporation, namely: (1) Endowment Fund and (2) General Fund. Monies received without designation to the Endowment Fund shall be regarded as general funds. All designated monies shall be disteributed to the fund designated by the donor. The total monies remaining on hand in the General Fund as of June 30th of each year shall be distributed in accordance with the following scedule:
    1. A sum equal to 50% of the total approved budget for the preceding year ending June 30th shall be set aside for operating expenses of the corporation for the current fiscal year.
    2. The next $75,000 shall be used for such grants as are approved by the Board of Directors at its first regular meeting of the fiscal year.
    3. Any additional monies remaining on hand shall be equally divided between the Endowment Fund and Grants. Grants will be distributed as recommended by the Grants Committee and approved by the Board of Directors.

    Section 2. This by-law, specifically Article III Grants, Section 1 and 2, may only be changed by a 2/3 vote of all the entire Board of Directors who are eligible tom vote. The procedure for this action shall be:

    1. The proposed change shall be presented in writing to the Board of Directors by the Constitution and By-Laws Committee and read without discussion at a regular or special Board meeting.
    2. It shall then be sent to all board members acompanied by a proxy vote form and a notice of a special board meeting. The mailing shall allow a minimum of fourteen (14) days notice to said members.
    3. At the second meeting the proposed change shall be read, discused and voted on.

      Article IV
      ommittees

      Section 1. Constitution and By-Laws - The mission of this committee is to review all existing constitutional articles and by-laws and make recommendations to the board of Directors of the Foundation. All amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws must be made in accordance with sections 1 and 2 of Article IX of this Constitution.

      Section 2. Long Rang Planning - The mission of this committee is to keep the Foundation in the forefront of eye research by anticipating changes in the field, in society and in our abilities and needs. The committee will do so by working with the other committees such as fund raising, public relations and grants and being aware of special projects and the possibility of partnering with other sight-related Lions projects.

      Section 3. Public Relations - The mission of this committee is torecommend publicity projects to the Board of Directors and assist other committees in the developemenmt of publicity materials. This mission may be fullfilled by the dissemination of information about the Foundation through the periodic issuance of The Vision; written communications to individual district cabinet members, club presidents and secretaries; use of electronics such as fax, phone, internet redio and television.

      Section 4. Grants - The mission of this committee is to determine by a thorough and comprehensive study of all grant requests, whether these requests meet the criteria for funding under the Foundations guidelines, policy and practices. The members of this committee shall be responsible for analyzing all grant requests received no later thanMay 1 of each fiscal year. Recommenmdations for granmts will be limited to the available funds as determined by section 1 of Article III of these By-Laws.

      Section 5. Fundraising Committee - The mission of this committee is to organize and carry out all fundraising projects and to seek additional ways to raise funds for the Foundation. To accomplish this, the members of this committee must examine and evaluate the effectiveness of current established activities. If changes appear to be needed, then recommendations for said changes must be proposed to the Board of Directors for approval and implication.

      Section 6. Eye Registry Committee - The mission of this committee is to encourage registration of eyes for the Eye Bank. This can be accomplished by an intensive publicity campaign, distribution of Eye Registration cards, coordination of same with funeral homes and ophthalmologists, optometrists, Yale University and the UCONN Medical Center.

      Section 7. Finance Committee - The mission of this committee is to analyze the accumulation and distribution of funds and to make recommendations regarding same to the Board of Directors. The Finance Committee, with the assistance of the President, shall prepare an operating and activities budget for each fiscal year which shall be presented ro the Board of Directors at its first regular meeting. The Finance Committee shall make recommendations regarding all unbudgeted expenses in excess of $500.00 and act as an oversight committee with regard to the financial operations and investments of the corporation.


Constitution

Index

Article I : Name

Article II : Purposes

Article III : Membership

Article IV : Directors

Article V : Officers

Article VI : Meetings

Article VII : Grants

Article VIII : Committees

Article IX : Fiscal Year

Article X : Vacancies

Article XI : Amendments

Article XII : Enactment

    Originally adopted by the Incorporators at a meeting held on January 25, 1957.
    Subsequently amended and revised:
    June, 1979
    August, 1986
    May, 1988
    May, 1995
    April, 1999



Constitution


Article I
Name


The name of this corporation shall be Connecticut Lions Eye Research Foundation, Incorporated.

Article II
Purpose


The purposes for which this corporation is formed are the following:
  1. To foster and encourage among the citizens of Connecticut a lively interest in the conservation of sight and in the pevention and treatment of blindness.
  2. To stimulate, initiate and support programs and projects dedicated to the discovery and treatment on incipient eye disease and any other projects related to the blind anmd/or visually impaired.
  3. To promote and support basic research into the causes and treatment of human blinmdness in all it's forms.
  4. To do and perform any corporate acts necessary and advisable to effectuate the purposes herein set forth either, solely or in association with other individuals, partnerships, associations or corporations.
  5. To raise funds anmd solicit contributions, in cash or in kind, to receive, hold, manage, invest, reinvest and disburse such funds and other contributed property, anmd the income therefrom, solely for the administration of the corporation and furtherance of the corporate purposes herein set forth.
  6. Upon the dissolution of this corporation, to pay obver and distribute its assets, if any, to any appropriate agencies or organizations which, in the opinion of the Board of Directors, are most likely to further and continue the general purposes for which this corporation has formed.

Article III
Membership

Section 1. The membership of this corporation shall consist of all members in good standing of each Lions Club i.e., a Lions Club associated with the International Association of Lions Clubs) in Connecticut. No provision of this section shall be construed to bind any individual Lion or Lions Club to membership.

Section 2. For any general or special meeting of the membership of this corporation, the members shall be represented by certified delegates to be chosen by the Connecticut Lions Clubs in good standing on the basis of on delegate for each ten (or major fraction therof) members of this corporation within each club.

Section 3. The Lions Club delegates shall, at and susequent to the first annual meeting of this corporation be deemed to be the associates and successors of the incorporators within the meaning of those sections of them General Statutes of Connecticut pertaining to corporations without capital stock.

Section 4. No member shall be entitled to receive from this corporation any form of compensation for services, or be entitled to participate in any benifits flowing from the corporation, but this section shall not be interpreted to prohibit any member from receiving fair compensation for services rendered to the corporation in the usual course of the member's business.

Article IV
Directors

Section 1. The affairs of this corporation shall be managed by aboard of Directors selected from the membership and composed as follows:

Elected Officers:

President (1)

1st Vice-President(1)

2nd Vice-President(1)

Immediate Past President(1)

District Governors of Multiple District 23(3)

Vice Disterict Governors of Multiple District 23(3)

Immediate Past District Governors(3)

Past District Governors (one from each of the Districts 23A, 23B & 23C(3)

Lions Members (other than the above but not exclusive of Past District Governors: one from each of the Districts 23A, 23B & 23C(3)

Lions Cluib Past Presidents (one from each of the Districts 23A, 23B & 23C)(3)

District Eye Research Chairmen (one from each of the Districts 23A, 23B & 23C (3)

Past Foundation Presidents(3)

All other Past Foundation Presidents(non-voting)

Section 2. Those Directors who are elected as Past District Governors shall be elected annually at the Annual Meeting of this corporation by the certified deligates to serve for a term of three years (except that at the first Annual Meeting one of these said Directors shall be elected for a term of one year and one for a term of two years).

Those Director who are elected as Lion Members shall be elected annually by the certified delegates at the Annual Meeting of this corporation to serve for a term of three years (except that at the first Annual Meetinmg one of these said Directors shall be elected for a term of one year and one for a term of two years).

Those Directors who are Past Club Presidents and the Eye Research Chairman of the respective Districts shall be elected by the Board of Directors upon the recommendation of their District Governors Elect after the Annual Meeting of this corporation, and shall serve for a term of one year.

Those Directors who are elected as Past Foundation Presidents shall be elected annually at the Annual Meeting of this corporation by the certified deligates to serve a term of one year.

Any Director may be removed for cause by two-thirds of the entire Board of Directors.

Section 3. No voting Director of this corporation shall serve for more than three consecutive years in the same capacity except as to directors elected specifically to serve as voting Past Foundation Presidents.

Section 4. The duties of the Board of Directors shall be:

  1. to manage the affairs of this corporation between meetings of the members.
  2. to propose and adopt such By-Laws and Policies for the government of this corporation as may be consistent with this Constitution and designed to further the purposes of this corporation.
  3. to approve such committees, either of Directors or members, as it may deem expedient for the carrying out of the purposes of this corporation.
  4. to arrange for the raising of funds.
  5. to manage, invest and control the funds held by the corporation for its charitable purposes.
  6. to select projects and programs consistant with the purposes set forth in Article II, and to manage the distribution of the funds of this corporation.
  7. to employ such persons and to enter into such contacts as it may deem necessary for the successful pursuit of the purposes of this corporation.
  8. to approve the budget and any additionmal expenditures over $500.00.

Article V
Officers


Section 1. The Board of Directors, during the election year of the officers, shall at its meeting subsequent to the Annual Meeting of the members of this corporation elect a Second Vice-President in rotation. Upon said election, the sitting Second Vice-President shall move up to First Vice-President and the sitting First Vice-President shall move up to President.
  1. All elected officers shall be Past District Governors or shall serve at least four (4) years as a member of the Board of Directors of thjis corporation.
  2. There shall be no more than one elected officer from any District, and such officers shall serve in rotation bnetween Districts.

Section 2.
  1. The President shall serve for a two year term and may not serve a consecutive term of office.
  2. The First Vice-President shall serve for a two year term anmd may not serve a consecutive term.
  3. The Second Vice-President shall serve for a two year term anmd may not serve a consecutive term.
  4. Any officer may be removed for cause by two-thirds vote of the entire Board of Directors.

Section 3. There shall be a Secretary and a Treasurer, who may be one and the same, appointed by thje President.
Section 4. The Duties of the officers shall be as follows:
  1. The President shall preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors and of the members. The President shall appoint all committees with the approval of the board of Directors, and shall serve as an ex-officio member of all such committees. At the Annual Meeting of the Corporatiion, the President shall give a report of the activities of the Corporation to the membership.
  2. The First Vice-President shall perform the duties of the President during the absence or incapacity of the President, and shall perform such other duties as the President or Board of Directors may direct.
  3. The Second Vice-President shall perform the duties of the President during the absence or incapacity of the President and First Vice-President, and shall perform such other duties as the President, or Board of Directors may Direct.
  4. The Secretary shall maintain the records of this corporation, except such financial records as may be kept by the Treasurer, and shall keep the minutes of all meetinmgs of the Board of Directors and of thje members, and shall perform such other duties as the President, the First Vice-President acting for the President, or the Board of Directors may direct.
  5. The Treasurer shall have charge of the funds of this corporation and deposit such funds in banks of financial institutions as recommended by the finance committee and approved by the Board of Directors and shall fully account for such funds to the Board of Directors and to the members at each regular meeting; shall give bond with approved surety for thje faithful performance of the required duties, in such amounts as may be fixed by the Board of Directors; and shall submit to the Board of Directors of this corporation a year-end report of all financial records by the first meeting of the Board of Directors called subsequent to the election of the Officers of this corporation and shall submit a final audited report to the Board of Directors on or before November 1 of each year.

Article VI
Meetings


Section 1. The members of this corporation shall meet annually during the month of April, May or June, on a date and place to be determined by the Board of Directors, for the purposes of electing a Board of Directors, receiving reports, and transacting any other business which may properly come before them.
  1. Special meetings of the members shall be called by the President when directed by the Board of Directors.
  2. The Secretary shall send notice to the members not less than twenty days prior to the date of each regular or special meeting. Such notices shall be in writing and shall be mailed to the President and Secretary of each Connectcut Lions Club.
  3. A Quorum at any meeting of the members shall consist of not less than four (4) percent of the delegates representing the membership of this corporation as defined in Article III, Section 2.
  4. At any general meeting of this corporation, voting members of the Board of Directors and each certified Lion delegate shall be i=entitled to one vote, and, ex ept as therwise provided, all questions shall be determined by a majority of the votes cast. No member of the Board of Directors may cast more than one vote.

Section 2. The Board of Directors shall meet following the Annual Meeting and prior to July 1 in each year for the purpose of electing officers if required, and those directors indicated in Article IV, Section 2, and transacting such other business as may properly come before it. The Board of Directors shall meet bimonthly during the remainder of fiscal each year.
  1. A Quorum at any meeting of the Board of Directors shall consist of at least a simple majority of the Board of Directors.
  2. At any meeting of the Board of Directors each voting Director shall be entitled to one vote, and all questions shall be determined by a majority of the votes cast.
  3. Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the President at any time. The President shall call such special meetings upon written request of at least seven (7) Directors.
  4. The Secretary shall send written notice to the Directors not less than ten (10) days prior to the date of each regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors.
Section 3. All meetinmgs of this corporation shall be conducted in accordance with Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised.

Article VII
Grants


Section 1. Distribution of funds shall be for purposes as selected by the Board of Directors consistent with the purposes set forth in Article II. Grants for purposes other than for eye reasearch shall not exceed thirty percent (30%) of the total annual grants.

Article VIII
Committees


Section 1. There shall be permanent committees of this Corporation annually appointed by the President for one year terms as follows:
  1. Constitution and By-Laws Committee
  2. Long Range Planning Committee
  3. Public Relations Committee
  4. Grants Committee
  5. Fund raising Committee
  6. Eye Rgistry Committee
  7. Finance Committee

Section 2. A Nominating Committee shall be composed of three Past District Governors of Multiple District 23 (one from each of the Districts 23A, 23B and 23C) and three Past Presidents of the Foundation appointed accordingly by the Foundation President. This committee shall present a list of committee endorsed candidates at each election meeting of this corporation and shall recommend qualified candidates to fill any vacancies occurring in any office requiring election.

Section 3. All permanent Committee Chairmen shall give a report of their committee activities at the last yearly meeting of the Board Of Directors and as otherwise required by the President.

Section 4. The Presidenmt may appointuch other non-permanent committees as may be required.

Article IX
Fiscal Year

The Fiscal Year of this corporation shall commence on the first day of July in each year and shall terminate on the thirtieth day of the following June.

Article X
Vacancies

Vacancies occurring among the Officers or Directors of this Corporation shall be filled by the Board of Directors upon recommendation of the nominating committee, by appointing to the vacant office a qualified member from the same District for the unexpired term.

Article XI
Admendments

Section 1. This Constitution may be amended as follows:
Any amendment may be proposed by the Board of Directors or may be proposed to the Board in writing by not less than 1% of the Lion members. Upon the recommendation of the Constitution and By-Laws Committee and approval of the Board of Directors, such proposed amendment shall be submitted to a meeting of the members. The Corporation Secretary shall send notice to each Lions Club President and Secretary of the time and place of such meeting and of the proposed amendments to be considered at least twenmty (20) days prior to said meeting. The affirmative vote of not less than two thirds of the Certified Lions Deligates, present and voting, shall be required for the adoption of any such amendment.

Section 2. Upon the recommendatiion of the Constitution and By-Laws Committee, By-Laws as adopted by the Board of Directors may be amended or repealed by the Board except as oterwise expressly provided in such by-law.

Article XII
Enactment


This Constitution shall become effective when adopted by unanimous vote of the original incorporators and their associates who shall constitute the Board of Directors until the first Annual Meeting of the members. Thereafter, any amendment or revision shall become effective upon its adoption in accordance with Article XI, Section 1.